Transitions in the Labour Market: Discouragement Effect and Individual Characteristics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The present work analyses the unemployment gender gap in Italy for the period 2004-2011. We present a methodology for decomposing the natural rate of unemployment, thus defining it in terms of equilibrium labour market flows between the aggregate states of the labour market (Employment, Unemployment, Inactivity). In addition, we offer estimates of the determinants of the unemployment gender gap to pinpoint the relative role of individual characteristics and structural factors in determining this difference.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-232
Number of pages24
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • multinomial models
  • transition probability matrix
  • unemployment gender gap


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