Transition of inflammatory bowel disease patients from pediatric to adult care: an observational study on a joint-visits approach

Luisa Guidi, Antonio Gasbarrini, Alessandro Armuzzi, Andrea Corsello, Daniela Pugliese, Francesca Bracci, Fiammetta Bracci, Daniela Knafelz, Bronislava Papadatou, Marina Aloi, Salvatore Cucchiara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Transition from pediatric to adult care of patients affected by Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a critical step that needs specific care and multidisciplinary involvement. The aim of our study was to evaluate the outcome of the transition process of a cohort of IBD patients, exploring their readiness and the possible impact on quality of life. Methods: This observational study followed transitioned IBD patients from pediatric to adult care. Transition was carried-out through combined visits, jointly performed by the pediatrician and the adult gastroenterologist. Clinical data were collected before and after transition. A subgroup of patients was submitted to an anonymous online questionnaire of 38 items based on the validated questionnaires TRAQ and SIBDQ within the first 6 months from the beginning of the transition process. Results: Eighty-two patients with IBD were enrolled, with a mean age at transition of 20.2±2.7 years. Before transition, 40.2% of patients already had major surgery and 64.6% started biologics. At transition, 24% of patients were in moderate to severe active phase of their disease and 40% of them had already been treated with ≥ 2 biologics. The mean score of the TRAQ questionnaires collected is 3.4±1.5 and the mean score of SIBDQ is 53.9±9.8. A significant association was found between a TRAQ mean score > 3 and a SIBDQ > 50 (p=0.0129). Overall, 75% of patients had a positive opinion of the transition model adopted. Conclusions: A strong association has been found between TRAQ and SIBDQ questionnaires, showing how transition readiness has a direct impact on the quality of life of the young adult with IBD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-25
Number of pages8
JournalTHE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS
Volume47
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Crohn’s disease
  • Pediatric IBD
  • SIBDQ
  • TRAQ
  • Transition
  • Ulcerative colitis

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