Trait and State Craving as Indicators of Validity of VR-based Software for Binge Eating Treatment

Joana Pla-Sanjuanelo, Marta Ferrer-Garcia, José Gutiérrez-Maldonado, Ferran Vilalta-Abella, Alexis Andreu-Gracia, Antonios Dakanalis, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Adela Fusté-Escolano, Joan Ribas-Sabaté, Giuseppe Riva, Carmina Saldaña, Isabel Sánchez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to establish whether virtual reality (VR) exposure to food cues is able to produce craving levels consistent with state-craving and trait-craving as assessed by the Spanish and Italian versions of the State and Trait Food Craving Questionnaires (FCQ-T/S). The results were compared in 40 patients with eating disorders (17 with binge eating disorder, 23 with bulimia nervosa) and 78 healthy control subjects without eating disorders. Controls and patients with higher levels of trait-craving and state-craving both showed a greater desire to eat during VR exposure. Results also showed that trait and state craving assessed by FCQ-T/S were able to predict the total mean craving experienced during exposure to the VR software in both clinical and control samples. These findings present preliminary evidence about the validity of a new virtual reality-based application for cue-exposure treatment in patients with eating disorders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-146
Number of pages6
JournalAnnual Review of CyberTherapy and Telemedicine
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • virtual reality, eating disorders, craving, binge eating


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