Tra spettacolo e documento. Rotocalchi, piccola posta e inchieste di cronaca nei documentari italiani sull'amore dei primi anni sessanta

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Between show and document. Magazines, small mail and news reports in Italian documentaries on love of the early sixties

Damiano Garofalo, Dalila Missero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] This essay deals with the cross-analysis of two films, scarcely considered by Italian historiography on the documentary. The first is the project, curated by Cesare Zavattini, entitled "The Italians and love" (1962, Baldi, Ferreri, Macchi, Maselli, Mazzetti, Mingozzi, Musso, Nelli, These, Risi, Vancini). Although apparently a work of fiction, the film is composed of eleven episodes, each filmed by a different director, inspired by real cases and taken from letters sent to magazines by readers, already collected and discussed by Gabriella Parca in her book "The Italians confess" (1959). In this regard, the starting hypothesis is that it is precisely the element of small mail that gives a testimonial and documentary value to individual episodes, in a relationship between cinema and magazines that will inspire several subsequent cases. Among these, the essay will examine another film, released the following year, entitled "In Italy is called love" (1963, Sabel), based on an investigation by Italo Dragosei. Another cinematographically hybrid model, the film by Virgilio Sabel, written with Pasquale Festa Campanile and Luigi Magni, represents a moment of transition between the aesthetics of the television investigation, experimented and perfected in those very years, which anticipates subsequent experiences, certainly more famous , like "Comizi d'amore" (1965, Pasolini), and a fictional narrative construction close to the episodic film. This hybridization has therefore facilitated the explosion of the documentary feature throughout the decade; in the same way, it is linked to successive outcomes, such as the strand of the so-called movies world, on which, as we will see, the specialized literature has already concentrated, with particular reference to the characteristic mixture of fiction, reconstruction and reality. Crossing the aesthetic-linguistic analysis of these two films with that of the discourses generated and intercepted by the investigation in those years - and at the same time contextualizing the two works within a broader social, cultural and cinematographic movement -, the essay would like to problematize the relationship between reality and fiction in this form of hybrid documentary, in which the testimonial value seems to be conferred by paratextual elements, not necessarily visible, but to which a strong documentary value is attributed.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Between show and document. Magazines, small mail and news reports in Italian documentaries on love of the early sixties
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)145-161
Number of pages17
JournalIMAGO
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • italian documentary, italian cinema

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