Background: The primitive neuroectodermal tumours of central nervous system (CNS-PNET) are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms, occurring in the CNS and composed of undifferentiated or poorly differentiated neuroepithelial cells which may display divergent differentiation along neuronal, astrocytic and ependymal lines. The WHO classification includes in this group of tumours also ependymoblastomas and medulloepitheliomas. Several groups have reported examples of CNS-PNET with combined histological features of ependymoblastoma and neuroblastoma, defined as "embryonal tumour with abundant neuropil and true rosettes". The presence of the amplification of chromosome region 19q13.42, common in both ependymoblastoma and embryonal tumour with abundant neuropil and true rosettes, suggests that they represent a histological spectrum of a single biological entity. Methods: We examined 24 cases of ependymoblastoma/embryonal tumour with abundant neuropil and true rosettes (EPBL/ETANTR) for the presence of mutations of TP53 and β-Catenin and for amplification of c-myc/N-myc.Results: The SSCP-mutational screening did not identify any mutation in exons 5 to 8 of the TP53 gene. However, we found a point mutation affecting codon 34 (GGA->GTA) of β-Catenin gene resulting in a Glycine -> Valine substitution. No cases presented c-myc/N-myc amplification. Conclusions: EPBL/ETANTRs show molecular features different from other CNS-PNET and medulloblastoma. The presence of alterations in the β-Catenin/WNT pathway seems to be noteworthy due to the close relationship between this pathway and miR-520g encoded in chromosome 19q13.42 region amplified in these tumours.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|