The purpose of this study is to advance the current understanding of the relationship between top management team (TMT) diversity and firm performance in the fashion and luxury industries. Predictions from the relevant theoretical perspectives – namely, Upper Echelons and Social Psychology theories – are often conflicting, and the controversial nature of this phenomenon together with the lack of empirical studies in the fashion and luxury industries have inspired the research question to investigate the link between TMT diversity and firm performance. Moreover, this is even more relevant in a setting where human capital management is one of the main keys to the long-term survival of fashion and luxury brands. To this extent, a principal component analysis and subsequent regression analyses have been performed on a sample of 78 listed companies operating in the fashion and luxury industries, over the five-year period 2011-2015. Results indicate that TMTs with greater gender, international experience, and educational background diversity are positively associated with higher firm performance. Hence, we found support for the Upper Echelons Theory, which predicts organizational outcomes as a function of managerial characteristics, thus offering few practical implications for companies operating in these industries.
- Top Management Team, Fashion and Luxury, Upper Echelon Theory, Diversity, Firm Performance