Thyroid hormones modulate uric acid metabolism in patients with recent onset subclinical hypothyroidism by improving insulin sensitivity

Celestino Pio Lombardi, Giovambattista Desideri, Stefano Necozione

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Some evidence suggests a relationship between thyroid dysfunction and uric acid (UA) metabolism, but the potential influential role of thyroid hormones on UA metabolism is still debated. This report was designed to evaluate the influential role of levothyroxine (L-T4) replacement therapy on circulating levels of UA in patients with recent onset post-thyroidectomy subclinical hypothyroidism. Circulating levels of thyroid hormones, UA and other metabolic parameters were assessed in 155 recently thyroidectomized patients (131 females, mean age 51.1 ± 12.7 years) at baseline (5–7 day after surgery) and after 2 months under replacement therapy with L-T4. At baseline, circulating levels of thyroid hormones were indicative of a subclinical hypothyroidism (TSH 8.2 ± 5.1 mU/mL, FT3 2.1 ± 0.7 pg/mL, FT4 9.2 ± 3.4 pg/mL). The mean serum UA concentration was 5.0 ± 1.3 mg/dL, while the prevalence of hyperuricemia, defined by serum UA levels > 6 mg/dL, was 22.6%. Serum UA levels at baseline were significantly correlated with HOMA-IR index (r = 0.475, p < 0.0001). After 2 months under the replacement therapy with L-T4, both serum UA levels (− 1.2 ± 0.9 mg/dL, p < 0.0001 vs. baseline) and HOMA-IR (− 0.3 ± 1.5 mmol/L, p = 0.0328 vs. baseline) significantly decreased. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that changes in HOMA-IR explained 23% of the variations of serum UA levels under L-T4 replacement therapy (β = 0.295, p < 0.0001, R 2 = 0.230). Our study suggests that thyroid hormones could modulate UA metabolism in patients with recent onset subclinical hypothyroidism likely by improving insulin sensitivity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalInternal and Emergency Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Insulin
  • Internal Medicine
  • Levothyroxine
  • Uric acid

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Thyroid hormones modulate uric acid metabolism in patients with recent onset subclinical hypothyroidism by improving insulin sensitivity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this