The relationship between the optical properties and the kinetic behaviour of ascorbate-inhibited alkaline phosphatase

Elisabetta Meucci, Alvaro Mordente, Ge Martorana, A Ursitti, Ga Miggiano, A. Castelli

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aromatic residues of bovine kidney alkaline phosphatase appear to be involved in the interaction with ascorbate, as shown by the strong quenching of intrinsic fluorescence and absorption. Difference u.v.-absorption spectra clearly indicate that conformational changes also occur. The pH value at which the greatest fluorescence deactivation is found is close to that necessary for optimal catalytic activity and for maximal inhibition by ascorbate. A protective effect against ascorbate is afforded by Pi. Time profiles of inactivation on one side and of absorbance and emission quenching on the other display opposite behaviours. Attempts to reverse the effects by the use of KOH fail to restore enzyme activity or to modify the spectral effects of ascorbate. The protein alterations are related, directly or indirectly, to the enzyme active centre and can be probably ascribed to the redox and chelating properties of ascorbate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-671
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume240
Publication statusPublished - 1986

Keywords

  • Alkaline Phosphatase
  • Ascorbic Acid
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Hydroxides
  • Kinetics
  • Phosphates
  • Potassium
  • Potassium Compounds
  • Spectrometry, Fluorescence
  • Spectrophotometry

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