The relationship between psychological distress during the second wave lockdown of covid-19 and emotional eating in italian young adults: The mediating role of emotional dysregulation

Roberto Cattivelli, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Enrico Molinari, Giada Pietrabissa, Tommaso Manari, Maria Filosa, Christian Franceschini, Alessandro Musetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This cross-sectional study aims to investigate the impact of psychological distress experienced during the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic on emotional eating and to assess the mediating role of emotional dysregulation in a sample of Italian young adults (20–35). A total of 437 participants provided demographical data and were assessed using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, and the Emotional Eating subscale of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire. Correlational analyses were performed to assess the relationship between continuous variables, while ANOVA was conducted to detect differences between males and females for emotional eating. To assess whether demographic and clinical data predicted emotional eating, hierarchical linear regression was performed. Then, a mediation analysis was conducted to assess whether emotional dysregulation was a mediator between psychological distress and emotional eating. Emotional eating was associated with psychological distress and emotional dysregulation. Moreover, higher levels of emotional eating were found in females than in males. Predictors of emotional eating were sex, psychological distress, and emotional dysregulation. Mediation analyses showed that the indirect effect of psychological distress on emotional eating through emotional dysregulation was significant (b = 0.0069; SE = 0.0024; CI = 0.0024–0.0118), confirming that the relationship between psychological distress and emotional eating was mediated by emotional dysregulation, controlling for sex. The model explained 26.8% (R2 = 0.2680) of the variance. These findings may help to plan and develop psychological interventions aimed at addressing emotional eating in young adults by targeting emotional dysregulation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-N/A
JournalJournal of Personalized Medicine
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Emotional dysregulation
  • Young adults
  • Psychological distress
  • Social isolation
  • Emotional eating

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