The impact of EU and US agro-food nontariff measures on exports from developing countries

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] The impact of EU and US agro-food nontariff measures on exports from developing countries

Stefano Boccaletti, Michele Nardella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim of the paper is to appraise the impact of EU and US agro-food non tariff measures on agro-food exports from African, Asian, Ocenian and South-American developing countries. After an inventory description of these measures, a gravity model is estimated and the impact of non-tariff measures (NTMs) on agro-food exports from developing countries assessed. Results indicate substantial differences in the structure and distribution of NTMs at the US and EU borders. Technical requirements on quality product attributes have a detrimental impact on agro-food imports in the EU from developing country, while in the US, a trade creation effect dominates. US and EU no-tec NTMs have a negative impact at both borders. However, the estimated effect of the EU measures is more severe than the one at the US border. Looking at specific agro-food products, NTMs penalize meat products, cereals and their derivates, and vegetables and fruits, more than others. The differences in the effects of NTMs on agro-food trade flows at the two borders suggest that developing countries would greatly benefit from bilateral negotiations rather than from multilateral agreements.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] The impact of EU and US agro-food nontariff measures on exports from developing countries
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)431-448
Number of pages18
JournalRIVISTA DI ECONOMIA AGRARIA
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • developing countries
  • exports
  • food
  • non tariff measures

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