The ‘I knew it all along’ phenomenon: Second-order false belief understanding and the curse of knowledge in primary school children.

Davide Massaro, Ilaria Castelli, Laura Sanvito, Antonella Marchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated two different expressions of the so-called curse of knowledge in primary school children: hindsight bias and outcome bias. Further, it explored the possible predictive function of false belief understanding in reducing these biases. Ninety-one children aged 7, 9, and 11 years (middle- to upper-middle class) were administered classical first- and second-order false belief tasks as well as hindsight and outcome bias tasks in a within-subjects design, while controlling for cognitive level. Both biases were found at all ages. Second-order false belief understanding seemed to reduce outcome bias but not hindsight bias. These findings indicate that the curse of knowledge is a multifaceted construct with potential relevant implications for learning in children.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)N/A-N/A
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychology of Education
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Primary school
  • Second Order False Belief

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