The Destiny of Multiple Domain Amnesic Mild Cognitive Impairment: Effect of Alternative Neuropsychological Definitions and Their Adjunctive Role in Respect of Memory Impairment

Guido Gainotti, Silvia Giovannini, Camillo Marra, Chiara Piccininni, Davide Quaranta, Giordano Lacidogna, Valeria Guglielmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Mild cognitive impairment is the main risk factor of dementia. Previous evidence has claimed that subjects with memory disturbances associated with impairment of other cognitive domains (multiple domain amnesic MCI) are at the highest risk of developing dementia. To date, a shared definition of amnesic MCI multiple domain (aMCI-MD) is still lacking.METHOD: 163 subjects with aMCI were enrolled and followed-up for 2 years. They underwent a baseline comprehensive neuropsychological battery. The cut-off point for each test was set at 1, 1.5, and 2 SD below the mean obtained in normative studies; aMCI-MD was defined as the occurrence of abnormal scores on at least one, two, or three tests not assessing memory. The Episodic Memory Score (EMS), that measures the severity of memory impairment, was determined. Logistic regressionand Cox's proportional hazard risk models were carried out. The adjunctive effect of the definitions of aMCI-MD on the severity of memory impairment was assessed.RESULTS: Fifty-four subjects progressed to dementia. Only restrictive definitions of aMCI-MD (at least three tests below 1.5 SD; at least two tests below 2 SD) predicted conversion to dementia in both logistic regression and survival analysis. None of the conditions showed a significant adjunctive effect on the EMS.CONCLUSIONS: The predictive effect of impairment in tests assessing cognitive domains other than memory depends on its psychometric definition. The use of a restrictive definition would be of some usefulness, but the adjunctive effect of such a definition on an integrated analysis of memory impairment may be questionable.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)N/A-N/A
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Volume2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Learning and memory
  • Mild cognitive impairment

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