TaqMan RT-qPCR targeting the pta gene for Clostridium tyrobutyricum quantification in animal feed, faeces, milk and cheese.

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Abstract

Late blowing defect affects hard cheese production and Clostridium tyrobutyricum appears as the primary cause of this spoilage. Our aimwas to develop a quantitative TaqMan real-time PCR method to detect this agent in different matrices along the whole agro-dairy chain, using specific primers targeting the phosphotransacetylase gene (pta). The optimised assay appeared to be sensitive and specific to quantify C. tyrobutyricum. Results demonstrated a 100% efficiency with low numbers of cells and spores (approx. 14 mL 1 or g 1) also detected in broth and in milk matrix artificially contaminated with C. tyrobutyricum. Combined with a DNA extraction method optimised to lyse both cells and spores, our method is suitable for silage and hay, faeces, milk and hard cheese samples without any enrichment. The molecular quantification by qPCR was found to be precise and could be used for the rapid determination of the presence of C. tyrobutyricum.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Dairy Journal
Volume33
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Clostridium tyrobutyricum
  • Late blowing
  • Real time
  • cheese
  • milk
  • phosphotransacetylase

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