Studiare la leadership in hyperscanning: analisi della sintonizzazione neurofisiologica e corporea durante l’interazione tra manager e collaboratore

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Studying leadership in hyperscanning: analysis of neurophysiological and body tuning during the interaction between manager and collaborator

Laura Angioletti, Michela Balconi, Irene Venturella, Daniela De Filippis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] Introduction. Recent advances in the field of neuroscience have made it possible to extend the knowledge of brain functioning to the corporate and organizational sector. Particular interest is now reserved for the study of leadership and the strengthening of management techniques. The use of the hyperscanning technique allows exploring the theme of leadership by paying attention to the effects that specific leadership styles have on empathic and emotional processes during the interaction between the leader-collaborator dyad. Within this framework is the present study which intends to explore the synchrony of central and peripheral neurophysiological activations of some collaborators and company managers involved in a face-to-face restitution meeting related to work performance. Specifically, the aim is to investigate whether different leadership or participatory styles of leadership are associated with different patterns of neurophysiological synchrony during a typical business dyadic interaction. Materials and Method. The experimental setting included a meeting in which the manager was asked to provide feedback to the collaborator regarding his performance, using a communicative register linked to a participatory or managerial leadership style, depending on the experimental condition. Through a hyperscanning paradigm, which involved the simultaneous combination of electroencephalography and biofeedback systems, the synchrony of cortical activity and peripheral responses of 11 pairs of participants during the interaction was detected. During the experimental phase the entire interview was video-recorded. Results. Neurophysiological and psychophysiological signals were analyzed in two different ways. The first involved a general investigation of the neural and peripheral response under different conditions (participatory, managerial), roles (manager; collaborator) and brain areas (anterior prefrontal cortex; dorsolateral prefrontal cortex). The results showed that a high engagement of emotional and cognitive components occurs within a dyad under conditions of participatory leadership with an increase in the power of the delta and theta bands in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and an increase in physiological arousal. The couples involved in a participatory exchange also have a better focus on the interaction, marked by the increase in frontal power of the beta band. Instead, the second analysis included the calculation of band coherence indexes in order to evaluate the strength of the synchrony between the interacting brains and between peripheral responses. The results showed the presence of a higher emotional synchronization both for central and peripheral responses, especially in dyads with participatory leadership style, attributable to higher empathic mechanisms. Furthermore, an increase in the coherence of the delta and theta bands was noted in the frontal regions. The level of skin conductance also presented a greater positive correlation for participatory leadership style. Furthermore, these effects, present both in managers and collaborators, highlight the presence of a shared positive and bilateral experience. Discussion. The results of this research provide new knowledge on the application of innovative neuroscientific paradigms for the investigation of the implicit mechanisms within complex organizational and business contexts, with the ultimate aim of promoting a more empathic interpersonal exchange and the promotion of participatory well-being on the workplace. Bibliografia Balconi, M., Fronda, G., Natale, MR, & Rimoldi, E. 2017. Why generative leadership. The contribution of neuroscience. Psychology researches. Balconi, M., & Vanutelli, ME 201
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Studying leadership in hyperscanning: analysis of neurophysiological and body tuning during the interaction between manager and collaborator
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationAtti del "VII Congresso della Società Italiana di Neuropsicologia"
Pages63-64
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventVII Congresso della Società Italiana di Neuropsicologia - Roma
Duration: 23 Nov 201824 Nov 2018

Conference

ConferenceVII Congresso della Società Italiana di Neuropsicologia
CityRoma
Period23/11/1824/11/18

Keywords

  • Hyperscanning
  • Risorse Umane, Neuromanagement

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