Stem cells under the influence of alcohol: effects of ethanol consumption on stem/progenitor cells

Giovambattista Pani, Giuliana Di Rocco, Silvia Baldari, Gabriele Toietta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stem cells drive embryonic and fetal development. In several adult tissues, they retain the ability to self-renew and differentiate into a variety of specialized cells, thus contributing to tissue homeostasis and repair throughout life span. Alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk for several diseases and conditions. Growing and developing tissues are particularly vulnerable to alcohol’s influence, suggesting that stem- and progenitor-cell function could be affected. Accordingly, recent studies have revealed the possible relevance of alcohol exposure in impairing stem-cell properties, consequently affecting organ development and injury response in different tissues. Here, we review the main studies describing the effects of alcohol on different types of progenitor/stem cells including neuronal, hepatic, intestinal and adventitial progenitor cells, bone-marrow-derived stromal cell, dental pulp, embryonic and hematopoietic stem cells, and tumor-initiating cells. A better understanding of the nature of the cellular damage induced by chronic and episodic heavy (binge) drinking is critical for the improvement of current therapeutic strategies designed to treat patients suffering from alcohol-related disorders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-244
Number of pages14
JournalCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Volume76
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Acetaldehyde
  • Alcohol dehydrogenase
  • Alcohol-related disorders
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Mitochondrial
  • Cell Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Ethanol
  • Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
  • Humans
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells
  • Mesenchymal stromal cells
  • MicroRNAs
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Neoplastic Stem Cells
  • Neural Stem Cells
  • Pharmacology
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Stem Cells
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases

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