Stasera ci vediamo alle “Colonne”? Significati e valenze dell’uso di alcool nel divertimento notturno dei giovani

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] See you at the "Columns" tonight? Meanings and values of the use of alcohol in the nightlife of young people

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] Does drinking in a disco, in a pub or in a square have the same meaning and value? International literature, especially Anglo-Saxon (see, for example, Van Wersch and Walker, 2009), shows some differences in the ways young people drink related to the context in which they occur. The contexts in which alcohol is consumed, as social contexts, carry with them a set of rules and norms that define how and how appropriate it is to drink, as well as underlying different motivations for drinking. If nightclubs are often associated with greater risks and higher consumption, little is known about how the consumption patterns of alcohol and the meanings attributed to it in other and different contexts change. This is particularly true with respect to young Italians who, unlike Anglo-Saxon peers, belong to the so-called "non-intoxication cultures" where the prevalence of alcohol abuse is lower (Järvinen e Room, 2007). This paper seeks to answer these questions by reporting the results of two qualitative researches. The first, based on Grounded Theory, saw young people between the ages of 18 and 29 discuss in groups about alcohol consumption in the context of nightlife. From the words of the young people emerges the presence of three different contexts of alcohol consumption - pubs, discos and event celebrations - with profoundly different meanings and meanings in which alcohol is used strategically to achieve the desired goals: from a simple accompaniment to conversation with friends, up to a tool of disinhibition thanks to its psychoactive properties. Overcoming descriptions that emphasize the idea that young people only seek out intoxication, the research presented here captures the meaning of drinking as a social event. From this point of view, the contribution describes in depth the process of reaching and maintaining, together with the peer group, a "right point" of alcoholic intoxication that maximizes the perceived benefits and minimizes the negative effects for the individual (for example, feeling bad). A form of consumption that suggests a "controlled disinhibition" rather than a total loss of inhibitory brakes. The second study is an ethnographic research aimed at probing the meanings and functions of drinking in one of the emerging contexts of youth drinking, the high-concentration districts of nightclubs or the so-called nightlife districts. These are essentially urban areas where a large number of young people spend the evening mainly outdoors in the streets or squares. Italy, with its historical centers and a favorable climate, seems to be particularly affected by the phenomenon and examples of this type are found in many cities of our country. The research was carried out through observations of the territory, and with interviews and observations made during evenings spent with night-time visitors in the area. The reality of the area described - a historic Milanese district - has proved to be decidedly complex and articulated, characterized by the coexistence of very different, if not opposed, ways of using space. On the one hand, a monumental square that welcomes a large number of young people in search of an inclusive place and an informal atmosphere, where constraints and loose rules favor the spontaneity in the use of the place and the participation in a "spirit" of the square , on the other side a narrow and dark alley, where there are nightclubs based on the sale of large quantities of alcohol at low prices where more fun is sought based on massive drinking, also associated with the consumption of illicit substances. The work ends with the consideration of the operational effects of the data produced and with the proposal of some interventions anchored to the modalities
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] See you at the "Columns" tonight? Meanings and values of the use of alcohol in the nightlife of young people
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)47-48
Number of pages2
JournalAlcologia
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventLe bevande alcoliche: evidenze, esperienze, criticità e prospettive per programmare un futuro in salute. Le Radici del Vino si interrogano su alcol e salute - San Giorgio della Richinvelda (PN)
Duration: 9 Sep 20159 Sep 2015

Keywords

  • Alcol
  • Giovani adulti

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