Shedding of Syncytiotrophoblast-Derived Extracellular Vesicles Is Increased in Placenta Previa and Accreta Spectrum

Chiara Tersigni*, Nicoletta Di Simone, Donatella Lucchetti, Filomena Colella, Marianna Onori, Silvia Perossini, Antonello Vidiri, Rita Franco, Alessandro Sgambato, Manu Vatish, Antonio Lanzone, Giovanni Scambia, Anna Franca Cavaliere

*Corresponding author

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) refers to excessive placental invasion into the maternal uterus and it is associated with high risk of obstetric haemorrhage and adverse maternal-neonatal outcomes. Currently, no specific circulating biomarkers of PAS have been identified. Given that in PAS disorders, the depth and the extension of placental invasion into the uterus are expected to be increased, in this study, we analysed plasma levels of syncytiotrophoblast-derived extracellular vesicles (STBEVs) in women with placenta previa (PP), at a high risk of PAS disorders, and pregnant women with normal placentation. Venous blood samples were collected from 35 women with ultrasonographic diagnosis of PP and 35 women with normal placentation, matched for gestational age. Plasma samples were ultracentrifuged at 120.000 g to collect extracellular vesicles (EVs). To identify and quantify plasma placenta-derived EVs (or STBEVs), EVs were analysed by flow cytometry using a monoclonal antibody against placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP). Plasma levels of STBEVs were significantly higher in PP patients compared to controls. Plasma levels of STBEVs in women with PP and PAS showed a trend to a higher concentration compared to women with PP without PAS, although not reaching a statistical significance. Circulating STBEVs are potential candidates as biological markers to be integrated to ultrasonography in the antenatal screening programme for PAS. More studies are needed to confirm our observation in a larger cohort of patients and to analyse a possible association between high circulating levels of STBEVs and PAS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)N/A-N/A
JournalReproductive Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Biomarker
  • Invasion
  • Placenta accreta spectrum
  • Placenta previa
  • Syncytiotrophoblast extracellular vesicles

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