The effects of serum from healthy donors receiving recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) (G-serum) on blast transformation, expression of activation-related antigens, secretion of interleukin (IL)-2, and proliferation were evaluated in allogeneic lymphocytes stimulated with phytohemagglutinin. Escalating concentrations of G-serum induced 27%, 47%, and 70% suppression of lymphocyte proliferation; interestingly, CD4+ and CD8+ cells underwent blast transformation and up regulated early (CD69) and late (CD25, HLA-DR, and CD71) activation-related antigens. Negligible fractions of apoptotic cells were found after mitogenic challenge, suggesting that the strongly diminished proliferation was not attributable to extensive activation-induced programmed cell death of responding T cells. The levels of IL-2 in cultures containing G-serum were comparable to those in cultures performed without G-serum; however, high concentrations of exogenous IL-2 restored lymphocyte mitogenesis regardless of G-serum concentration. These findings--cell enlargement, upregulation of activation-related antigens, inability to proliferate after mitogenic stimulus, and restoration of cell division by exogenous IL-2--resembled those associated with "partial activation" of lymphocytes, a fundamental control mechanism of tolerance induction in T cell clones. Soluble immunoregulatory mediators infused with allogeneic hematopoietic progenitor products collected after rhG-CSF administration could induce T cell unresponsiveness in vivo, thus preventing clonal expansion and amplification of immune responses, and could account for the unexpectedly reduced incidence and severity of graft vs. host disease compared with allogeneic marrow infusion.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|