Second order differentiation formula on RCD∗(K;N) spaces

Nicola Gigli*, Luca Tamanini

*Corresponding author

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The aim of this paper is to prove a second order differentiation formula for H^{2,2} functions along geodesics in RCD*(K, N) spaces with K is an element of R and N < infinity. This formula is new even in the context of Alexandrov spaces, where second order differentiation is typically related to semiconvexity.We establish this result by showing that W-2-geodesics can be approximated up to second order, in a sense which we shall make precise, by entropic interpolations. In turn this is achieved by proving new, even in the smooth setting, estimates concerning entropic interpolations which we believe are interesting on their own. In particular we obtain:equiboundedness of densities along entropic interpolations,local equi-Lipschitz continuity of Schrodinger potentials,uniform weighted L 2 control of the Hessian of such potentials. Finally, the techniques adopted in this paper can be used to show that in the RCD setting the viscous solution of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation can be obtained via a vanishing viscosity method, as in the smooth case.With respect to a previous version, where the space was assumed to be compact, in this paper the second order differentiation formula is proved in full generality.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1727-1795
Number of pages69
JournalJournal of the European Mathematical Society
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Optimal transport
  • RCD spaces
  • Schrodinger problem
  • entropic interpolation
  • metric geometry


Dive into the research topics of 'Second order differentiation formula on RCD∗(K;N) spaces'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this