Rom e sinti in Italia. Tra 'tutela del nomadismo', culture presunte, campi, disagio sociale e povertà educativa

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Roma and Sinti in Italy. Between 'protection of nomadism', alleged cultures, camps, social hardship and educational poverty

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Abstract

A strong point of educational poverty as an interpretative paradigm is the social interpretation of the phenomena characterized by situations of hard- ship, in contrast with the general tendency to “culturalize” problems related to social disadvantage. The analysis of a specific case study - the regional laws regulating the Roma and Sinti presence in Italy - will show how a “culturalist definition” has greatly influenced the political action of public institutions and social organizations. Over the last 50 years, the lack of a national frame- work on Roma and Sinti has left a vacuum that has been filled by regional and local authorities with various autonomous actions. In order to provide answers to the housing needs of Roma groups, regional authorities promoted legisla- tive texts that provided for the establishment of “nomad camps”. These laws were based on a nomadic approach since they assumed that all RSC groups living in Italy were nomads. This has mistakenly made Roma and Sinti cul- ture coincide with nomadism, laying the foundations of what has been called “Campland. This is a scenario characterized by many social problems. Recall- ing the need for multifactorial analyses, this paper investigates the concept of “culturalization of poverty” when the culturalist and essentialist approach prevails over the social one. In contrast, the paradigm of educational poverty applied to the specific case of Roma and Sinti, highlights the fact that the liv- ing conditions of the camps are the consequence of the social and, especially, housing policies, implemented by the Italian administrations.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Roma and Sinti in Italy. Between 'protection of nomadism', alleged cultures, camps, social hardship and educational poverty
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)189-198
Number of pages10
JournalSCHOLÉ
VolumeLVIII
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Roma and Sinti
  • campi nomadi
  • culturalization
  • culturalizzazione
  • leggi regionali
  • nomad camps
  • nomadism
  • nomadismo
  • regional laws.
  • rom e sinti

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