Role of the tumor necrosis factor antagonists in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease: an update

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Abstract

Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis represent the two major forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Recent research points out the role of uncontrolled intestinal inflammation in the pathogenesis of IBD. Therefore, there is a growing interest in developing novel biologic therapies targeting specific molecules of the inflammatory cascade. Among them, anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents (i.e. infliximab, adalimumab, certolizumab pegol) have proved to be effective, particularly for patients with refractory IBD. These biological therapies have changed, at least partially, the clinical course and medical management of IBD. However, the administration of anti-TNF drugs has also been associated with serious side-effects, which have raised concerns on the application of these drugs in clinical practice. The goal of this review is to provide an update and analyze the pros and cons of using anti-TNF therapies in the treatment of IBD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779-786
Number of pages8
JournalEUROPEAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY & HEPATOLOGY
Volume2010
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • IBD

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