Riformismo al femminile. Il progetto di carlotta De Saxy Visconti per l'istruzione femminile nella Milano napoleonica (1805)

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Female reformism. Carlotta De Saxy Visconti's project for female education in Napoleonic Milan (1805)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

ANGELO BIANCHI, Female reformism. The project of Carlotta De Saxy Visconti for women's education in Napoleonic Milan (1805). Carlotta Ercolina De Saxy Visconti was one of the leading female figures active in the Milan of the Enlightenment, and until the start of the Napoleonic era. Influenced by the currents of Tuscan and Ligurian Jansenism, she was in correspondence with the bishop of Pistoia Scipione De 'Ricci and Vincenzo Palmieri, and represented one of the linkages between the two capitals of Habsburg reformism in Italy between Florence and Milan, thanks to the contacts of friendship and proximity to Pietro Verri, Alfonso Longo, Giuseppe Gorani, and other representatives of Lombard Enlightenment. For the competence and commitment shown through his writings on female education, Emperor Joseph II commissioned her to oversee the organization of a system of colleges for girls' education within the broader movement of Reform of the congregated religious life of women. This post was renewed even after the advent of the Cisalpine Republic, and uninterruptedly until the proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy in 1805, the year of his death. During these years, she produced a considerable amount of plans and regulations for the organization of a female school system, whose synthesis is represented by the project that is published in the appendix to this essay. The role of wife and mother, the first educator of future citizens, who was recognized by women in the society that emerged from the French Revolution, made the work of girls' education one of the most important political components for the realization and consolidation of the new regime. According to De Saxy, education had to be lay, but not irreligious: in fact, the moral foundations had to be found in the Catholic religion itself. Furthermore education had to be high and distinct, attentive to the origin and social destination of girls, for this reason divided into classes of higher or lower degree of education.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Female reformism. Carlotta De Saxy Visconti's project for female education in Napoleonic Milan (1805)
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationScritti in onore di Giovanna Da Molin. Popolazione, famiglia e società in età moderna
EditorsA. Carbone
Pages21-52
Number of pages32
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Filo-Jansenismus and Enlightenment
  • Filogiansenismo e Illuminismo
  • Gender History
  • Istruzione femminile
  • Modern History
  • Storia delle donne
  • Storia moderna
  • Women's Education

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