Reverse time-dependent effect of alphafetoprotein and disease control on survival of patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C hepatocellular carcinoma

Francesca Romana Ponziani, Emanuele Rinninella, Alfonso Wolfango Avolio, Luca Miele, Maria Assunta Zocco, Roberto Iezzi, Felice Giuliante, Salvatore Agnes, Giovanni Addolorato, Antonio Grieco, Antonio Gasbarrini, Maurizio Pompili, Lucia Cerrito, Antonio Saviano, Michele Basso, Laura Riccardi, Brigida Eleonora Annicchiarico, Matteo Garcovich, Marco Biolato, Giuseppe MarroneAnna Maria De Gaetano, Fabio Maria Vecchio, Massimo Siciliano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM To characterize the survival of cirrhotic patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to ascertain the factors predicting the achievement of disease control (DC). METHODS The cirrhotic patients with BCLC stage C HCC evaluated by the Hepatocatt multidisciplinary group were subjected to the investigation. Demographic, clinical and tumor features, along with the best tumor response and overall survival were recorded. RESULTS One hundred and ten BCLC stage C patients were included in the analysis; the median overall survival was 13.4 mo (95%CI: 10.6-17.0). Only alphafetoprotein (AFP) serum level > 200 ng/mL and DC could independently predict survival but in a time dependent manner, the former was significantly associated with increased risk of mortality within the first 6 mo of follow-up (HR = 5.073, 95%CI: 2.159-11.916, P = 0.0002), whereas the latter showed a protective effect against death after one year (HR = 0.110, 95%CI: 0.038-0.314, P < 0.0001). Only patients showing microvascular invasion and/or extrahepatic spread recorded lower chances of achieving DC (OR = 0.263, 95%CI: 0.111-0.622, P = 0.002). CONCLUSION The BCLC stage C HCC includes a wide heterogeneous group of cirrhotic patients suitable for potentially curative treatments. The reverse and time dependent effect of AFP serum level and DC on patients' survival confers them as useful predictive tools for treatment management and clinical decisions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1322-1331
Number of pages10
JournalWorld Journal of Hepatology
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Alphafetoprotein
  • Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C
  • Cirrhosis
  • Disease control
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Hepatology
  • Performance status
  • Survival

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