Restaurants and social media: rethinking organizational capabilities and individual competencies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The research and practice agree that social media are reshaping strategy and organization rules across industries. Nevertheless, how social media can become a source of competitive advantage remains under-investigated and there is no evidence about which capabilities and competencies can effectively and strategically exploit social media. By merging the literature on social media management and hospitality, the authors develop and test a theoretical framework that identifies the most relevant capabilities and competencies for using social media in the food service sector. The paper aims to map them and understand which ones are relevant according to different strategic choices of social media use. Design/methodology/approach: The authors adopted a qualitative methodology using semi-structured interviews to managers or owners of 14 restaurants in a big city in Northern Italy. Findings: The theoretical framework suggests that social media could be strategically used for different aims by relying on specific capabilities and competencies. The authors tested it and found that, though nowadays restaurant managers mainly focus on a narrow set of social media competencies linked to relational and marketing capabilities, some also rely on social media to promote organizational change and innovation. Originality/value: The authors propose a theoretical framework and preliminary evidence on capabilities and competencies declined for the food service sector. The model considers different uses of social media and related capabilities and competencies by mapping them accordingly to their strategic use. The authors preliminarily validate our framework and highlight the competencies possessed by the restaurant managers of our sample and their alignment with the strategic use of social media.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)N/A-N/A
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Tourism Futures
Volumeahead-of-print
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Capabilities
  • Competencies
  • Food service sector
  • Qualitative research
  • Restaurants
  • Social media

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