Resilienza organizzativa e territoriale: proposta di un approccio olistico

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Organizational and territorial resilience: proposal for a holistic approach

Franca Cantoni, Paola Graziano, Fabrizio Maiocchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] Organizations are currently exposed to increasingly complex external environments characterized by hypercompetition, rapid changes and increasing complexity. As Giustiniano and Cantoni (2017) say: Contemporary organizations are increasingly being asked to face high levels of environmental uncertainty, complexity and equivocation, fighting not only with strong competitive pressures but also with growing uncertainty linked to socio-political and economic trends. When organizations and their members face crises, economic hardships and nasty surprises, resilience is crucial to their survival. In this sense, promoting resilience has become a strategic concern for organizations. To face the crisis and instability in a complex, polymorphic and competitive context, it is strategic to understand the possible existence of a relationship between an organization and its territory and what synergistic effects could derive from it. Specifically, this research intends to investigate - on the territory defined by the Italian regions - the link between business resilience and territorial resilience. Resilience is defined as the ability to resist and recover in the face of potentially harmful exogenous events (i.e. shocks generated by the general environment and the business environment) and is represented as a measure of: capacity performance. These are two analytical approaches substantially corresponding to two research flows (Rizzi et al 2017): the first is based on the conceptualization of resilience as a result of a path, it is a specific approach for risk and requires identification of the shock phases and recovery and the construction of indicators aimed at representing resistance during crises and recovery after shock (Bailey and Turok, 2016, Martin, 2012; Martin and Sunley, 2015); the second is focused on identifying the resources that allow a territory to face a negative event and on the representation of resilience as a multidimensional ability to respond to change (Graziano, 2016). Resilience in this second vision is defined as a complex input, a multidimensional ability that determines the development of a territory. The field of investigation is the production and equipment sector of the machines (ATECO sector, 28). The unit of analysis is the Italian region (NUTS 2 level). The choice of field is associated with the growing diffusion of Industry 4.0 (Brettel et al, 2014) which exploits automation and data exchange in production technologies. It includes cyber-physical systems, the Internet of things, cloud computing and cognitive computing. Manufacturing factories are faced with the need for rapid product development, flexible production and complex environments. Although the Italian government has not produced a complete policy on industry 4.0 - unlike in other countries - e.g. Germany, the United States, the United Kingdom, Spain, and to a small extent, France and the Netherlands - it must be said that some relevant aspects of the Plan have been included in the 2017 budget law in Italy (Seghezzi and Tiraboschi, 2018). Since the Plan provides Italian companies with a public investment with significant tax benefits, to encourage private investment in activities with technologically advanced components (http://www.sviluppoeconomico.gov.it), interest in terms of scientific research is growing strongly and applied on the dynamics of the sector. The periods of crisis and recovery were identified by observing the economic performance of the manufacturing and machinery sector in the period 2007-2015. The 2016 figures are excluded because the changes to the accounting standards make them heterogeneous. In fact, the year 2016 (for those who have a year
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Organizational and territorial resilience: proposal for a holistic approach
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)N/A-N/A
JournalEYESREG
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • resilienza organizzativa
  • resilienza territoriale

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