Reshaping Monetary Policy after the Great Crash: John H. Williams at the NY FED

Sebastiano Nerozzi, Asso Pier Francesco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Abstract · John H. Williams was an influential economist and central banker in the interwar years. A Harvard University professor since 1929 specialized in international trade and monetary economics, he joined the ny Fed in 1933 and became its vice- President in 1936. This paper aims to provide a general assessment of Williams’ contributions to monetary and fiscal policy during his tenure at the ny Fed. We shall try to do so by following a twofold perspective: i. establish connections between Williams’ more theoretical works, his interpretations of the great depression and some policy decisions enacted by the Fed in the 1930s; ii. provide new archival evidence on what was the part Williams played in the shaping of us monetary policy and in the debate over the optimal mix between fiscal and monetary policy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-119
Number of pages33
JournalHistory of Economic Ideas
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Monetary Policy
  • New Deal


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