Renal stone disease

Pietro Manuel Ferraro, William Robertson, Robert Unwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Renal stone disease (urolithiasis, nephrolithiasis) covers many conditions causing kidney, ureteric or bladder stones. These include metabolic and inherited disorders, anatomical defects of the upper or lower urinary tract, and chronic urinary infection. However, most cases of renal stones are idiopathic. They present with loin or abdominal pain, and visible or non-visible haematuria; this is followed by eventual passage of a stone and resolution, or the need for further investigation and intervention. Renal stones often recur and it is important to identify the underlying cause, particularly as stones can be related to diet and lifestyle, and are often associated with hypertension or diabetes. Although clinical management is largely surgical and may seem simple, the increasing prevalence of renal stone disease in Western society is becoming a significant economic and health burden.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-430
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Calcium oxalate
  • Medicine (all)
  • calcium phosphate
  • cystine
  • diet
  • infection
  • metabolic screening
  • stones
  • uric acid


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