Relation between conversion degree and cytotoxicity of a flowable bulk-fill and three conventional flowable resin-composites

Luca Marigo, Massimo Cordaro, Giuseppina Nocca, Giuseppe Ettore Martorana, Alessandro Lupi, G. Spagnuolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate if the cytotoxic effects of the Surefil SDR flow, bulk fill flowable composite resin and three conventional flowable materials (Venus Diamond Flow, Filtex Supreme XTE Flowable and Enamel plus HRi Flow) correlated with the conversion degree (DC); hardness and depth of cure are also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Disks of each materials - cured using LED lamp - are utilized to evaluate DC (by FT-IR technique), amount of leached monomers (by HPLC technique), hardness (by Vickers hardness tester) and cytotoxicity (by MTT test). RESULTS: All tested materials show light cytotoxic effects, independently from DC values. Both the latter parameter and the hardness, in fact, change in function of thickness and type of material. HPLC results show that the monomers amount leached from each specimen is influenced by thickness but it is always very low which justifies the absence of any cytotoxic effect. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that there are not statistically significant differences in cytotoxicity in all experimental conditions, notwithstanding the differences in hardness and in degree of conversion. PMID: 26698240 [PubMed - in process]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4469-4480
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Dental material

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