Receptions of Leibniz’s pre-established harmony: Wolff and Baumgarten

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Abstract

In the debate on causality in eighteenth-century Germany, Leibniz’s theory of pre-established harmony plays a central role. This theory presupposes important metaphysical assumptions, such as the monadological structure of the world, and represents a radical alternative to the theory of physical influx. This paper provides an overview of the debate in the period between C. Wolf and A.G. Baumgarten. While the former is skeptical about the monadology and accepts pre-established harmony as a valid hypothesis only concerning the soul-body relationship, the latter endorses the monadological theory and therefore adopts pre-established harmony in its universal value. A further conclusion is that Leibniz’s Essais de Théodicée can be taken as a robust point of reference to highlight the main metaphysical topics at stake in this lively intellectual scene.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTheodicy and Reason. Logic, Metaphysics, and Theology in Leibniz’s Essais de Théodicée (1710)
Pages163-179
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventLe ragioni della Teodicea. Metafisica, teologia e logica negli Essais de Théodicée (1710) - VENEZIA -- ITA
Duration: 3 Feb 20114 Feb 2011

Conference

ConferenceLe ragioni della Teodicea. Metafisica, teologia e logica negli Essais de Théodicée (1710)
CityVENEZIA -- ITA
Period3/2/114/2/11

Keywords

  • Pre-established Harmony. Physical Influx. Monadology

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