Quando “le femmine sono migliori dei maschi”: Gli effetti di una comunicazione contro-stereotipica sulla performance in un compito di serie numeriche

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] When "females are better than males": The effects of counter-stereotypical communication on performance in a numerical series task

Simona Sciara, Virginia Canegallo, Giuseppe Pantaleo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] INTRODUCTION. For over 20 years it has been known that gender stereotypes can compromise female performance (Steele 1998). Therefore, solutions have been sought for a long time (eg Dasgupta and Asgari 2004; Good et al. 2010). But to what extent would even counter-stereotypical information only barely hinted at reduce the "threat-induced-from-stereotype" by improving the performance of the target group? METHOD. The participants in the experiment (N = 341; 211 females) were randomly assigned to one of four conditions, which required them to complete 12 numerical series after reading, in the task header, that: "the females are better than the males" (F> M); "Females are like males" (F = M); "Males are better than females" (M> F); or no specific information (control group). The number of correctly resolved series and the degree of female self-stereotyping (Bem Sex-Role Inventory, BSRI-12, Carver et al. 2018) constituted the dependent variables. RESULTS. The males obtained, overall, better scores than the females, t (339) = 5.30, p <.001, d = .59. However, in the direct comparison between the two critical conditions (F> M vs. M> F) the female scores differed significantly between them, t (105) = 2.95, p = .004, d = .57, improving significantly in the condition F> M and worsening, instead, in the condition M> F. The worsening (vs. improvement) was systematically accompanied by a corresponding increase (vs. decrease) in the degree of female self-stereotyping, t (105) = 3.02, p = .003, d = .59. CONCLUSIONS. Even a very weak indication pro counter-stereotypical, apparently innocuous, it would seem instead capable of influencing the performance of those exposed to it for better / worse, with important short, medium and long-term social consequences in life and career choices.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] When "females are better than males": The effects of counter-stereotypical communication on performance in a numerical series task
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationAtti del XV Convegno Nazionale della Sezione di Psicologia Sociale - AIP
Pages3
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventXV Convegno Nazionale della Sezione di Psicologia Sociale - AIP - Bari
Duration: 19 Sep 201821 Sep 2018

Conference

ConferenceXV Convegno Nazionale della Sezione di Psicologia Sociale - AIP
CityBari
Period19/9/1821/9/18

Keywords

  • comunicazione contro-stereotipica
  • differenze di genere
  • influenza sociale
  • performance
  • stereotipi
  • stereotipo di genere

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