Prolungamento degli studi universitari: indicatori di coping e di resilienza

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Extension of university studies: indicators of coping and resilience

Diego Boerchi, Cristina Castelli, Assunto Quadrio

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] INTRODUCTION Compared to previous generations, nowadays young people are faced with greater difficulties as regards their future. On the one hand they tend to prolong their education and to abandon many executive jobs, on the other hand companies reduce new hires, creating delays and employment difficulties. All of this has effects on the working career and, furthermore, hinders the development of an adult personal identity precisely in the years in which young people should be open to new experiences and new social roles. It follows that many of them are discouraged, attested to the present and unable to actively stand in front of the future. Faced with a general tendency, there are of course different ways of reacting to difficulties: there are those who are actively engaged in a reasonable manner, those who merely complain, those who seem indifferent and inert "giving up everything" what has disappointed or threatens to disappoint. It is not easy to understand the reasons for the different modes of reaction and even more difficult to understand those of the most positive reactions. In other words, it is not easy to understand, foresee and above all change the resilient abilities of people as this involves personal resources, economic and cultural factors, personal and work values, etc. For these reasons, we decided to investigate a particular case of juvenile crisis: one that is expressed in the extension of university studies. The question we asked ourselves is: are there coping strategies that, more than others, allow us to improve the capacity to face the difficulties that a course of university studies presents and, consequently, to increase the probability of a training success? The concept of resilience, which in the social sciences indicates the ability to develop protective factors capable of counteracting the negative consequences of difficult situations while maintaining psychological integrity, appears to be particularly useful to those who do research and provide guidance in providing guidance in situations such as our own. The scientific literature, to explain the phenomenon, has mainly focused on non-psychological causes, such as: gender and ethnicity of the student (Grandy, 1998; Leppel, 2002); institutional support services (Lau, 2003); academic and social integration (Beil, Reisen, and Zea, 1999); pre-university academic preparation (Cambiano, Denny, and De Vore, 2000); financial support (Braunstein, McGrath, and Pescatrice, 2001; DesJardins, Ahlburg, and McCall, 2002). The studies that referred to personality constructs are more contained, all based on the use of existing tools and models such as the Five Factor Model (Genders and Mallinckrodt, 1994; Lounsbury and Saudargas, Gibson, 2004; Davidson and Beck, 2007) . METHOD The objective of the research that will be presented was to start a process of analysis of the phenomenon starting from purely psychological dimensions that are supposed to increase the degree of "resilience" of the students towards the difficulties faced during university studies and, therefore , reduce the risk of abandonment. In this regard, we proceeded with the conduct of 2 focus groups and 10 in-depth interviews to identify the most critical issues faced by the students and the personal characteristics characterizing the students who demonstrated greater ability to cope with them. The result was the identification of 17 dimensions for each of which 5 items were built. RESULTS The administration of the instrument to a sample of 140 students, of which about 1/3 not in order with the studies at 4 years of enrollment in one of the courses of the Catholic University, allowed the identification of 15 scales with 4 items each which have been shown to have b
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Extension of university studies: indicators of coping and resilience
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationXXVI Congresso AIP Sezione Psicologia dello Sviluppo e dell’Educazione. Pre-Atti.
Pages352-353
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventXXVI Congresso AIP Sezione Psicologia dello Sviluppo e dell’Educazione. Pre-Atti. - Milano
Duration: 19 Sep 201321 Sep 2013

Conference

ConferenceXXVI Congresso AIP Sezione Psicologia dello Sviluppo e dell’Educazione. Pre-Atti.
CityMilano
Period19/9/1321/9/13

Keywords

  • Orientamento
  • Resilienza
  • Test e questionari

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of '[Autom. eng. transl.] Extension of university studies: indicators of coping and resilience'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this