Prognostic Impact of Node-Spreading Pattern in Surgically Treated Small-Cell Lung Cancer: A Multicentric Analysis

Filippo Lococo, Pierluigi Granone, Giovanni Leuzzi, Gabriele Alessandrini, Isabella Sperduti, Lorenzo Spaggiari, Federico Venuta, Erino A. Rendina, Cristian Rapicetta, Piero Zannini, Gaetano Di Rienzo, Maurizio Nicolosi, Francesco Facciolo

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Although surgery in selected small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients has been proposed as a part of multimodality therapy, so far, the prognostic impact of node-spreading pattern has not been fully elucidated. To investigate this issue, a retrospective analysis was performed. Methods: From 01/1996 to 12/2012, clinico-pathological, surgical, and oncological features were retrospectively reviewed in a multicentric cohort of 154 surgically treated SCLC patients. A multivariate Cox proportional hazard model was developed using stepwise regression, in order to identify independent outcome predictors. Overall (OS), cancer-specific (CSS), and Relapse-free survival (RFS) were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Overall, median OS, CSS, and RFS were 29 (95 % CI 18–39), 48 (95 % CI 19–78), and 22 (95 % CI 17–27) months, respectively. Lymphadenectomy was performed in 140 (90.9 %) patients (median number of harvested nodes: 11.5). Sixty-seven (47.9 %) pN0-cases experienced the best long-term survival (CSS: 71, RFS: 62 months; p < 0.0001). Among node-positive patients, no prognostic differences were found between pN1 and pN2 involvement (CSS: 22 vs. 15, and RFS: 14 vs. 10 months, respectively; p = 0.99). By splitting node-positive SCLC according to concurrent N1-invasion, N0N2-patients showed a worse CSS compared to those cases with combined N1N2-involvement (N0N2: 8 months vs. N1N2: 22 months; p = 0.04). On the other hand, the number of metastatic stations (p = 0.80) and the specific node-level (p = 0.85) did not affect CSS. At multivariate analysis, pN+ (HR: 3.05, 95 % CI 1.21–7.67, p = 0.02) and ratio between metastatic and resected lymph-nodes (RL, HR: 1.02, 95 % CI 1.00–1.04, p = 0.03) were independent predictors of CSS. Moreover, node-positive patients (HR: 3.60, 95 % CI 1.95–6.63, p < 0.0001) with tumor size ≥5 cm (HR: 1.85, 95 % CI 0.88–3.88, p = 0.10) experienced a worse RFS. Conclusions: In selected surgically treated SCLC, the long-term survival may be stratified according to the node-spreading pattern.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
JournalLung
Volume195
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms
  • Lymph Node Excision
  • Lymph Nodes
  • Lymphadenectomy
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multimodality therapy
  • Neoadjuvant Therapy
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Node-spreading pattern
  • Pneumonectomy
  • Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Ratio
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Small-cell lung cancer
  • Surgery
  • Survival Rate
  • Tumor Burden

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