[Autom. eng. transl.] The emphasis on the role of freedom in the constitution of a sense of experience is certainly one of the theoretical knots of Simone de Beauvoir's thought. In many respects this emphasis proves fruitful in ethics which, by definition, has the same extension as freedom. The properly human way of life is shaped by freedom (keeping in mind that this is not a blind force). This means that every subject is a bearer of novelty and cannot be traced back to any type of reproduction. It is necessary to personally take on the irreducibility of every existence: whatever the situation you are in or the role you play, it is up to the concrete man / woman to tend, to grasp and to invent (in the sense of inviring, finding) what it means here and now be a good "x", making real something that is not there until it is set by the free movement of action. Assuming its purpose in the sense of making explicit and wanting an end without taking refuge in the seriousness of stereotyped repetition, negligence, superficiality, conformism. The justification of one's existence requires (Simone de Beauvoir would say "which consists only in") the voluntary assumption of this tension proper to man, that is his freedom. In this perspective the finalistic structure of action, or the project to use the terms of the French thinker, is grasped in its centrality. The article will try to show synthetically some strong and weak points of the centrality of the project, confronting itself with the question on the relationship with the other liberties and, above all, with the question of how to live humanly that aspect of the own reality, analogously common to the other living ones : the body and its dynamism.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] Planning and nature: an ethical reflection starting from Simone de Beauvoir's thought|
|Title of host publication||Natura cultura libertà. Storia e complessità di un rapporto|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2010|
- De Beauvoir