[Autom. eng. transl.] The volume is divided into three parts. The first is dedicated to the study of monetary documentation that came to light during the excavation campaigns carried out by the Italian Archaeological Mission in Malta on the Tas-Silg site. At first the isolated coins (single finds) of ancient age (Punic, Sicilian, Roman of the republic and of the empire, of the mint of Melita), modern and contemporary, are analyzed and inserted in a wide context - local and Mediterranean. Extensive reflections are reserved to the production of money in the archipelago, to the relationship between money and context, to the meaning of the coins found in shrine sites. The analysis follows of the consistent deposit accumulated under the bottom slab of the baptismal font, following the emptying of the source of the water used for the summing up of the first sacrament. The exceptional discovery allows us to deepen aspects of the rituality of Baptism in the early Christian context and of the significance of the jet of coins in the baptismal font, in the light of archaeological and textual testimonies. The second part presents two sections of the National Numismatic Collection, after describing the formation of the collection itself, whose origins date back to the 17th century. It is a group of numeric coins, of which the composition, the dating, the possible origin from the Maltese territory and the possible nature of storage are discussed, putting it also in relation to the numerary findings in the non-African area. The second case study concerns a set of coins minted in the third century AD (Antoninian and radiated imitations), preserved together within the collection, so as to hypothesize their joint discovery and instead an isolated radiata imitation probably of African coining, found in a tomb context on the island of Gozo. The third part traces the development of studies focused on the coinage on the archipelago from the mints of Melita and Gozo in ancient times, starting from the founding volume of Maltese historiography (Descriptione di Malta), published in Malta in 1647 by Fra 'Giovanni Francesco Abela. The works produced between the XVIII and the XX century by Maltese and non-Maltese authors are then presented and discussed. More complex reflections are reserved to the study of Ridolfino Venuti (1735), of Albert Mayr (1894) and of Edward Coleiro (1971). The production of the latter author still represents the fundamental reference text for those dealing with Maltese coinage, although it now requires a profound revision, based on new numismatic and archaeological knowledge.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] Production and use of the coin on the Maltese archipelago in ancient times|
|Publisher||Educatt Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore|
|Number of pages||202|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
- Coin production and use
- Maltese Archipelago