Prevalence of thyroid cancer in hyperthyroid patients treated by surgery

E Zanella, F Rulli, M Muzi, M Sianesi, D Danese, S Sciacchitano, Alfredo Pontecorvi

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28 Citations (Scopus)


A retrospective study has been carried out to evaluate the prevalence of malignant thyroid tumors in 202 patients submitted to surgery for hyperthyroidism. Thyroid cancer was diagnosed in 12 cases (5.9%); the final histologic examination revealed nine papillary carcinomas, one follicular carcinoma, and two Hürthle cell carcinomas. Concurrence of hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer was more frequent in patients with single toxic adenomas than in those with toxic diffuse or multinodular goiters. In five cases thyroid malignancy was detected in the context of the hyperthyroid lesion (three toxic adenomas and two diffuse goiters). In eight patients the malignant lesion showed a maximum diameter of less than 1 cm, although in five of these cases unfavorable histologic features, such as minimal capsular invasion or multifocality, were present. All patients presenting with thyroid cancer are currently alive and apparently free of residual disease. It is concluded that hyperthyroid patients, particularly those with single toxic adenomas, should be carefully evaluated to exclude the presence of an associated malignancy and to plan the most appropriate therapeutic options.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-473-7; discussion 477-8
JournalWorld Journal of Surgery
Publication statusPublished - 1998


  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Thyroid Neoplasms


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