Point-of-care ultrasound for vascular access in neonates and children

Mauro Pittiruti*, Maria Giuseppina Annetta, Vito D'Andrea

*Corresponding author

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Ultrasound plays a major role in neonatal/pediatric vascular access, both for venous access and for arterial access, not only just for the insertion of intravascular catheters, but also for many other issues related to this type of maneuver. This "global use of ultrasound" includes a systematic and consistent adoption of this technology for several steps of vascular access: (a) the pre-procedural assessment/evaluation of the vessels, (b) the ultrasound-guided puncture and cannulation of arteries and veins, (c) the real-time diagnosis of immediate, puncture-related complications, (d) the so-called "tip navigation" (i.e., real-time intra-procedural assessment of the direction and trajectory of the guidewire and/or of the catheter inside the vasculature), (e) the so-called "tip location" (i.e., intra-procedural or post-procedural assessment of the proper position of the tip of the catheter), and (f) the early diagnosis and/or management of most non-infective late complications.Conclusion: Therefore, any vascular access expert (nurse or physicians) should have documented competency in the use of ultrasound. This knowledge should include the use of ultrasound for assessment of vessels, for catheter insertion, for proper placement of the tip, and for real-time detection of complications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)N/A-N/A
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Central venous catheterization
  • Children
  • Infants
  • Vascular access
  • Tip location
  • Ultrasound guidance
  • Neonates


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