Despite advances in graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) treatment, it is estimated that overall survival (OS) at 2 years for hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) recipients who experience steroid-resistant GVHD is 10%. Among recent therapeutic approaches for GVHD treatment, mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) hold a key position. We describe a multicenter experience of 11 pediatric patients diagnosed with acute or chronic GVHD (aGVHD, cGVHD) treated for compassionate use with GMP-grade unrelated HLA-disparate donors' bone marrow-derived MSCs, expanded in platelet-lysate (PL)-containing medium. Eleven patients (aged 4-15 years) received intravenous (i.v.) MSCs for aGVHD or cGVHD, which was resistant to multiple lines of immunosuppression. The median dose was 1.2 x 10(6)/kg (range: 0.7-3.7 x 10(6)/kg). No acute side effects were observed, and no late side effects were reported at a median follow-up of 8 months (range: 4-18 months). Overall response was obtained in 71.4% of patients, with complete response in 23.8% of cases. None of our patients presented GVHD progression upon MSC administration, but 4 patients presented GVHD recurrence 2 to 5 months after infusion. Two patients developed chronic limited GVHD. This study underlines the safety of PL-expanded MSC use in children. MSC efficacy seems to be greater in aGVHD than in cGVHD, even after failure of multiple lines of immunosuppression.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation|
|Publication status||Published - 2010|
- Cord blood