We review how the risks posed by PPPs are currently evaluated, and consider where current risk assessment practices require improvement. Section 2 offers an overview of the evidence-based approach to risk assessment used to inform government regulation, and focuses on the importance of multi-tier assessments and the availability of a range of simulation models. Section 3 explains why ethical, social and behavioural issues must also be considered in order for risks to be effectively assessed and managed. In Sections 4 and 5, we move on to a discussion of managing the risks associated with pesticides and encouraging more sustainable rice cultivation. Section 4 considers the example of the European Sustainable Use Directive (SUD), and explains how IPM is an essential part of SUD’s strategy. Section 5 then argues that for IPM to be implemented successfully, it is essential for farmers and other stakeholders to be involved in developing the IPM strategy for a given situation.
|Title of host publication||Achieving sustainable cultivation of rice Volume 2: Cultivation, pest and disease management,|
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
- sustainable rice