Through the study of the relationship between Seneca's thought and the doctrines of the little-known Pneumatic school of medicine, whose founder was a pupil of the Stoic philosopher Posidonius, it's possible to understand that Seneca's psychological theories lay on a monistic conception of human beings: mind and body are in fact composed of the same substance and linked by the so-called "cohesive spirit", so that every psychical fact has its consequence on body and vice-versa. From this point of view we can also see in a new light the senecan descriptions of anger, a psychosomatic passion whose features depend on what Stoic medicine discovered about two syndromes connected with black and yellow bile (melancholy and mania), in particular for the cyclotimical development of the disease, in which both rage and depression are present.If we consider Senecan drama, then, we can use these new informations in order to read in a new sense some passages of tragedies where "furor" by which some characters are dominated, and even some apparent incoherences of their behaviour, have a whole correspondence with the multi- sided pattern of cyclotimical anger and related diseases.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] Philosophia medica and rhetoric medicine in Seneca. The pneumatic school, anger, melancholia|
|Publisher||Vita e Pensiero|
|Number of pages||262|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
- scuola pneumatica