Parents’ perceptions of their adolescent children’s personal values: truth or bias?

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Abstract

Interest in research and theory of the transmission of values between generations has increased markedly in the past few years. Numerous studies have shown that parents’ effectiveness in socializing their children may depend on their own perceptions of their children’s attributes. Focusing on parents’ perceptions of their adolescent children’s personal values, this study compared parental perceptions to adolescents’ self-reported personal values and examined the relative importance of adolescents’ personal values (the ‘truth’), parents’ socialization values (‘ideal-bias’), and parents’ personal values (‘self-bias’) in guiding parental perceptions. In all analyses, gender of both parents and adolescents was taken into account. Participants were 325 family triads (father, mother, and one adolescent child) who completed the Portrait Values Questionnaire. Findings pointed to significant differences between parents’ perceptions of their adolescent children’s personal values and adolescents’ self-reported values, and showed that parents’ perceptions are a mix of truth and ideal-bias, which vary according to gender composition of the parent–adolescent dyads.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-336
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Family Studies
Volume25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Adolescents’ personal values
  • Parents’ perceptions
  • Perceptual sources
  • Relative importance

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