Ownership dispersion and performance in cooperative banking

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Different methodological approaches and hypotheses relative to the relationship between ownership structure and performances in cooperative banking generate contrasting findings, so motivating this innovative study which is grounded on an estimation approach allowing for the potential endogeneity of the membership base. Based on a sample of 241 Italian small cooperative banks over the 2013–2018 period, we find that bank profitability is positively affected by the membership as in the study conducted by Jones and Kalmi (2015) on Finnish cooperative banking and different from the comparable Austrian empirical research of Gorton and Schmid (1999). Unlike the latter we did not find an increasing exposure to agency costs as ownership dispersion grows and showed that greater membership raises individual bank financial stability, lowering the cost of credit risk.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-128
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Ownership Structure, Cooperative Banking, Profitability, Financial Stability


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