[Omic sciences and capacity building of health professionals: a distance learning training course for Italian physicians, 2017-2018]

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] [Omic sciences and capacity building of health professionals: a distance learning training course for Italian physicians, 2017-2018]

Giovanna Elisa Calabro', Gualtiero Ricciardi, Stefania Boccia, Alessia Tognetto, Alfonso Mazzaccara, Donatella Barbina, Pietro Carbone, Debora Guerrera, Antonio Federici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Nowadays, a strategy to manage the current "omic revolution" is needed in Italy. Actions aimed to improve genetic/omics "literacy" among health professionals and citizens are necessary, based on recommendations outlined in the Italian 2013 Guidelines on genomics in public health, and the 2018 National Plan for the innovation of the health system based on the omic sciences. Materials and methods: In the context of a project funded by the Italian Ministry of Health, a distance-learning course entitled "Genetic and Genomic practices" was developed, targeted at medical professionals (mainly general practitioners). The main objective of the course was to train physicians in the responsible use of omic technologies. The course was structured according to the main models of adult learning theory (Problem-based-learning and case studies) and delivered on the institutional platform of the Italian National Institute of Health for one year, from February 2017 to February 2018, with the endorsement of the Italian Society of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine and the Italian Society of Human Genetics. Results: In one year, 3,054 participants registered for the course and 53% completed it. About 21% of participants were primary care physicians, 12% were public health physicians and 11% were hospital paediatricians. The most represented age group of participants was 51-65 years and their geographical distribution was 38.5% southern Italy/islands, 36.3% northern Italy and 25.2% central Italy. Pre-test data showed that training needs of primary care physicians was very high. Conclusions: In the current context, characterized by the "omic revolution", physicians must be able to understand its potential implications for the diagnosis, control and treatment of diseases. It is therefore necessary to work on capacity building of all health professionals involved in various ways in the use of the "omic sciences". Distance-learning training in genetic/genomic practices represents a low-cost, satisfactory and clinically applicable method to improve physicians' knowledge.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] [Omic sciences and capacity building of health professionals: a distance learning training course for Italian physicians, 2017-2018]
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)105-124
Number of pages20
JournalIGIENE E SANITÀ PUBBLICA
Volume75
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Capacity Building
  • Education
  • Health Personnel
  • Omic Sciences

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