Old Norse Brokkr, Sanskrit Bhr̥gu- and PIE *(s)bhr̥(h2)g- ‘crackle, roar’

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The article argues for a common etymology for Old Norse Brokkr and Sanskrit Bhr̥gu-, the names of two characters attested in two Norse and Indic mythical narratives which share comparable phraseology, narrative structures and ritual associations; the Norse myth’s connection with an archaeological artefact is discussed as well. Both names are traced back to a Proto-Indo-European root *(s)bhr̥(h2)g- ‘crackle, roar’, which may be reconstructed inter alia by comparing Greek and Vedic formations such as Greek baru-spháragos ‘with heavy roar’ : Vedic giri-bhráj- ‘heavy roaring’, Greek anemo-spháragos ‘with roar of winds’ : Vedic vā́ta-bhrajas- ‘with roaring of winds’, and Greek spharagéomai ‘crackle’ : Vedic sphūrjáya- ‘id.’, bhūrjáya- ‘id.’.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 28th Annual UCLA Indo-European Conference. Los Angeles, November 11th and 12th, 2016
Number of pages23
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event28th Annual UCLA Indo-European Conference - University of California, Los Angeles
Duration: 11 Nov 201612 Nov 2016


Conference28th Annual UCLA Indo-European Conference
CityUniversity of California, Los Angeles


  • Linguistics, historical, comparative, Germanic, Indo-European, Old Norse, Icelandic, Sanskrit, Vedic, Greek, Homeric, Poetics, Mythology.


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