Obesità e food addiction: una prospettiva psicosomatica

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Obesity and food addiction: a psychosomatic perspective

Martina Ceccarini, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Giada Pietrabissa, Gianluca Castelnuovo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] According to the definition proposed by the authoritative dictionary of English language Merriam-Webster we speak of "addiction", or of addiction, in the presence of a compulsive need to use a substance that causes addiction, (such as heroin, nicotine, the alcohol, etc.), characterized by tolerance and well-defined physiological symptoms at the time of failure to take it. It is therefore a persistent and compulsive use of a substance, although those who take it are aware of the disadvantages and the damages that this assumption may entail. Specifically, substance dependence implies some definite characteristics, such as: the growing need of the person to take the substance, to which a certain habituation takes over, the intense physical and mental suffering that comes from the suspension of its use and finally the will of the person to sacrifice everything for the substance (Peele, 1998). The Association of American Psychiatrists (APA, DSM-IV-TR, 2001) and the international scientific community agree that a person can be diagnosed "dependent on substances" when his use causes obvious and significant clinical problems for at least 12 consecutive months, with the consequent appearance of the following: 1) Tolerance: the need to progressively increase the amount of substance to obtain the same effects, or a significant decrease in the effects of the substance at the same amount assumed. 2) Withdrawal: clinically significant distress due to reduction or suspension of use of the substance.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Obesity and food addiction: a psychosomatic perspective
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationClinica psicologica in psicosomatica. Medicina e psicologia clinica fra corpo e mente.
EditorsEMANUELE ZACCHETTI, GIANLUCA CASTELNUOVO
Pages207-226
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Food Addiction
  • Obesità

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