Nuove generazioni crescono: percorsi formativi, disuguaglianze, risorse

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] New generations are growing: training courses, inequalities, resources

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] el 2013 the presence of foreign minors in Italy has reached important numerical quotas (1 million residents, among which 750 thousand enrolled in educational courses and 180 thousand in vocational training courses) and a “relative” weight (they represent 7.5% of minors) which prefigures the multicultural scenario of the coming years. With the weakening of the growth of migratory flows, caused by the European economic crisis, the attention is increasingly focused on the "after" generations, those who were born in Italy or arrived before starting the training course and who most likely plan to build a "career" in the country. Despite the discipline of juridical citizenship, firm on the ius sanguinis, it does not recognize them a status of equality, the schools and all the socio-educational / training services commit considerable energies for their reception and invest in their results. There is no doubt that foreign families and young people focus on education also to compensate for the social rights they feel denied; on the other hand, educational institutions check on a daily basis, such as schooling for their children and good administration of services, that an entire generation of immigrants is gradually moving "from a resident to a citizen" (Cittalia 2012) with an increase not only in the integration levels of the families but also of the key competences useful for developing the local communities in which they are "incorporated" (Ponzini 2012). The educational levels of immigrants are gradually increasing, also due to an increase in the access of foreign young people to information regarding the educational offer, the rules for inclusion, support devices (Colombo - Santagati 2013). Nevertheless, we highlight some critical issues that the education / training system cannot ignore: a) the persistence of a negative gap between the scholastic results of pupils of Italian and foreign nationality (Invalsi - Pisa 2009), a real inequality that sometimes hides the lack of preparation of schools to face a didactics addressed also to the needs of foreign students, sometimes an excessive mobility of these students on the territory, when not a socio-economic and cultural deprivation that is at the origin of the school failure; b) in some institutes the greater visibility of the different ethnic origins in some areas seems to cause discomfort in the interactions between natives and immigrants (especially at the adult level) even when among children / teens there are no concrete reasons to cultivate mutual intolerance and xenophobic attitudes ( Besozzi - Colombo - Santagati 2013); c) we observe ambiguous dynamics in the distribution / concentration of foreign students in the different supply chains, but also in the different institutes / sections, which create schools with "variable ethnic composition" and put in serious alarm the anti-discriminatory and liberal conception with which in the last years freedom in school choice has increased (Miur - Fondazione Ismu 2013). The intervention discusses, from stock data and recent research, the extent of these critical issues and discusses the possible resources that school policies could exploit to overcome them.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] New generations are growing: training courses, inequalities, resources
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationProve di futuro. Cittadinanza e seconde generazioni
EditorsVinicio Ongini, Luciano Rondanini
Pages59-69
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • alunni stranieri
  • capitale culturale
  • cultural capital
  • divari di apprendimento
  • foreign pupils
  • integrazione scolastica
  • learning gap
  • scholastic integration

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