Background In recent years, the number of patients being offered BRCA1/2 testing has changed dramatically. Advances in high-throughput sequencing technology have led many diagnostic laboratories to test next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based platforms as the main technology for clinical testing. As a consequence, the proportion of novel BRCA1/2 variants detected has greatly increased. Here, we describe two novel BRCA1 large deletions detected in Italian patients affected by hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (HBOC). Methods We applied an NGS pipeline with a reliable copy number variation (CNV) prediction algorithm. Successively, samples were investigated using the Multiplex Amplicon Quantification (MAQ) assay and array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). In a single case, long-range polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was employed for careful detection of the breakpoint region, while the RepeatMasker program was used to identify Alu sequences at the junction point. Results A 137.8 kb deletion, involving the first six exons of BRCA1 and the full NBR2, BRCA1P1, NBR1, and TMEM106a genes, was detected in an Italian woman diagnosed with high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma. A second rearrangement, involving the deletion of BRCA1 11-14 exons, was detected in a breast cancer patient and was fully characterized and reported according to recommended Human Genome Variation Society (HGVS) nomenclature: NG_005905.2: g.125038_143266del; NM_007294.3: c.2817_4716del; NP_009225: p.Lys862Metfs? Conclusion Although it was not possible to perform a familial segregation analysis and more direct evidence of the relationship between genotype and phenotype is necessary, both of the novel reported rearrangements cause the loss of crucial functional domains of the BRCA1 protein and this event supports their pathogenicity.
- CNV DETECTION