Note biografiche e bibliografiche su Michele Medici (1782-1859) e i suoi scritti entomologici

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Biographical and bibliographical notes on Michele Medici (1782-1859) and his entomological writings

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Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] Among the nineteenth-century entomology writers, Michele Medici, a distinguished physiologist and anatomist, occupies a rather marginal position. In fact, it is remembered for only one entomological work, the anatomical and physiological Observations around the cicada sound apparatus, published in 1847 in the "New Annals of Natural Sciences": a large contribution that denotes method rigor, critical acumen, vast bibliographic knowledge , elegance of style. However, it would be vain to look for some biographical data on Medici in the literature of common consultation for those interested in the history of entomology. The classic indices of Hagen (1862-63) and Horn & Schenkling (1928-29) are limited to recording that single work of his, not unlike Conci (1975). Nothing adds Saccardo (1895-1901), which mentions it for a couple of botanical publications. Even Goidanich (1975), in reviving the study of the cicada, reports very meager information on this 'minor precursor', without even providing the chronological extremes of his life. Certainly the fame of Michele Medici is linked above all to the activity of anatomist and physiologist, and it is in the historical-medical literature that we find first-hand news on him. The Medici was born in Bologna on 8 May 1782 and died there on 4 May 1859. At the age of twenty, he obtained a degree in Medicine and qualified to practice it; he preferred, however, studies and research especially of physiology, to whose chair in the University of Bologna he was called in 1815. But he also held positions of responsibility: he was a conscription doctor called by Napoleon for the campaign of Russia and, later, primary of the 'Ospedale Maggiore. As a young man he distinguished himself for his work on blood and bone structure, and later for observations on the spinal cord and intercostal nerves. In 1819 he published a Comentario around his life, in 1833 a Manual of Physiology which had several reissues. The historical memories about the scientific and literary Academies of the city of Bologna (1853) and the historical Compendium of the Anatomical School of Bologna (1857) bear witness to a vastness of culture and erudition. From the topics dealt with, unusual eclecticism and versatility transpire even for those times not yet devoted to specialization and sectorialism. The interest in certain entomological issues is also noted in its broad Response ... around the spontaneous generation of insects and the nature of zoospermi, published in 1843 in the "Journal to serve the Progress of Pathology and Therapeutics", not recorded by the repertoires of which on. Among the commemorative writings stands the official memory given to him in Bologna by the Academy of Sciences of the Institute, entrusted to the pen of Marco Paolini ("Memoirs of the Academy of Sciences of the Institute of Bologna", 1859) and accompanied by a valuable engraving by L Paradisi with the effigy of Medici in academic clothes.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Biographical and bibliographical notes on Michele Medici (1782-1859) and his entomological writings
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationAtti XXIII Congresso Nazionale Italiano di Entomologia
Pages383
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventXXIII Congresso Nazionale Italiano di Entomologia - Genova
Duration: 13 Jun 201116 Jun 2011

Conference

ConferenceXXIII Congresso Nazionale Italiano di Entomologia
CityGenova
Period13/6/1116/6/11

Keywords

  • Università di Bologna
  • biografia
  • iconografia
  • storia dell’entomologia,

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