Noninvasive ventilation for the immunocompromised patient: always appropriate?

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Abstract

Over the last few decades, the survival rate in critically ill immunocompromised patients has substantially improved, mainly because of advances in oncohematological treatments and management of organ dysfunctions in the ICU. As a result, the number of patients admitted to the ICU has rapidly grown. Immunocompromised patients in whom acute respiratory failure (ARF) develops often require mechanical ventilatory support. In these patients, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has the potential of avoiding endotracheal intubation and its complications. This review will discuss the recent findings on the role of NIV in immunocompromised patients with ARF.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-60
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Critical Care
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Immunocompromised Host
  • Intubation, Intratracheal
  • Patient Selection
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Prognosis
  • Respiration, Artificial
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult
  • Risk Assessment
  • Survival Rate

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