Nonconventional use of coronary guidewires for ECG recording and emergency pacing

Francesco Burzotta, Gaetano Antonio Lanza, Filippo Crea, Italo Porto, Giampaolo Niccoli, Antonio Maria Leone, Luca Testa, William Van Gaal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Guidewires used during percutaneous coronary interventions have elevated conductance, and, when in place, are electrically isolated from the body fluids by the guiding catheter. In this paper, we present an overview of two simple techniques exploiting these unique conditions to record local electrical activity in the myocardium and to pace the heart. Both actions can be accomplished with standard catheterization laboratory equipment. The operator may obtain useful, real-time information on distal ischemia and/or vitality and react quickly when an emergency pacing is required. The technical details of these techniques are elucidated and their usefulness as clinical and research tools is discussed, with an emphasis on possible future applications. © 2008 Italian Federation of Cardiology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1222-1228
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
  • Coronary physiology
  • Electrocardiography
  • Emergencies
  • Humans
  • Intracoronary electrocardiography
  • Temporary pacing


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