1 Citation (Scopus)


With the market for alternatives to dairy products growing considerably for reasons of animal ethics, environmental or health considerations, the need for legal clarity in sales denominations is rising among stakeholders. The US legal context, in this regard, oscillates from the courts’ faith in consumers’ reasonableness to the attempt of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to strengthen the enforcement of the regulated standards of identity. At the core of those divergent viewpoints stand the issues pertaining to the nutritional status or quality of both dairy and plant-based products, together with evolving consumer perceptions and changing dietary behaviours. This contribution looks at these opposing visions, casting light on the modalities through which the US authorities are divergently upholding their own beliefs and regimes of authority vis-à-vis citizens’ attitudes and knowledge in addressing the ‘legal identity’ of dairy and plant-based products.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-444
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Food and Feed Law Review
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Dairy alternatives
  • Sales denominations


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